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Unmasking the Thief of Memories: Understanding and Combating Korsakoff’s Psychosis Syndrome

Korsakoff’s psychosis syndrome, also known as Korsakoff’s syndrome or Korsakoff’s disease, is a neurological disorder that results from a thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. Causes This deficiency is often caused by chronic alcohol abuse, inhibiting the absorption of Thiamine and interfering with its metabolism. However, it can also be caused by other factors such as malnutrition, […]

Primary Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis: A Rare but Serious Condition

Introduction: Primary hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (PHPP, also known as Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis, HyperKPP, or, more commonly, channelopathies) is an inherited form of muscle weakness caused by alterations in muscle membrane ion channels, leading to an excessive build-up of the electrolyte potassium (K+) in the muscle cells. The prevalence of Primary hyperkalemic periodic paralysis is estimated […]

PGTCS: A Serious but Treatable Condition

Introduction: Primarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures (PGTCS) are a type of seizure that affects the entire brain and can cause loss of consciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity. These seizures are also known as grand mal seizures and are the most common type of seizure experienced by people with epilepsy. PGTCS can occur in people of all […]

Prader-Willi Syndrome: A Complex Genetic Disorder

Introduction: Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disorder characterized by a wide range of physical, cognitive, and behavioral challenges. It was first described in 1956 by Swiss doctors Andrea Prader, Heinrich Willi, and Alexis Labhart. Causes and Genetic Basis of Prader-Willi Syndrome: PWS is caused by the abnormal function of specific genes located on […]

Pituitary Adenoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Pituitary Adenoma Introduction: A pituitary adenoma is a type of tumor that develops in the pituitary gland, a small gland located at the base of the brain. The pituitary gland produces and regulates hormones that control various bodily functions, including growth, metabolism, and reproduction. Pituitary adenomas are usually benign, meaning they are not cancerous, but […]

Phenylketonuria (PKU): Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Introduction: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare genetic disorder that affects how the body processes an amino acid called phenylalanine. PKU is a rare disorder, affecting only about 1 in 10,000 to 15,000 newborns in the United States. However, all newborns must be screened for PKU shortly after birth, as early diagnosis and treatment can prevent […]

Myopathies: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatmen

Introduction: Myopathy is a category of muscular diseases characterized by the dysfunction or damage of skeletal muscles. It encompasses various conditions that affect muscle structure, function, or both. Types and Classification of Myopathy: Several types of myopathies are characterized by distinct features and causes. • Inflammatory Myopathies: This group includes conditions such as polymyositis and […]

Myelopathies: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Introduction: Myelopathies are neurological conditions characterized by damage or dysfunction of the spinal cord, leading to a range of symptoms. They may occur due to various factors such as trauma, inflammation, infections, degenerative diseases, vascular issues, or tumors. The spinal cord is vital in transmitting nerve signals between the brain and the rest of the […]

Myasthenia Gravis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Introduction: Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder caused by an error in communication between nerve cells and muscles. It results in muscle weakness in voluntary muscles, most often in the muscles of the eyes, face, neck, and arms. Myasthenia gravis affects approximately 1 in 5,000 people in the United States, although specific ethnic populations, such […]