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The Basic anatomy of the Heart

The human heart is a complex organ with four compartments that pump blood throughout the body. In addition, it carries oxygen and other vital nutrients to the cells and organs. The myocardium is at the heart’s center, a muscular layer composed of cardiomyocytes. These cardiomyocytes contract and relax to pump blood and send it through… Read More »

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system. It is an unpredictable and often disabling disease caused by damaging the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and can vary from person to person. MS affects many aspects of a person’s life,… Read More »

Headache and its management

Headache is a widespread health condition that attacks adults several times in their lifetime. Pain could be throbbing, sharp, constant, or dull. The most common types of headaches are: ● Sinus headache ● Migraine headache ● Cluster headache ● Tension headache Sinus headache Presents with deep and constant pain around the eyes, cheeks, and forehead… Read More »

Brain Tumors (Brain Cancers)

General: Brain tumors: Originate from neural elements inside the brain Stem from metastatic cancer to brain. Most brain cancers are metastatic. Many types of brain cancer: Most common: Gliomas, Pituitary adenomas, Meningiomas, and Acoustic neuromas. Can be supratentorial (above the tentorium) or infratentorial (below the tentorium). Invade other tissues in the brain that are healthy.… Read More »

Bladder Cancer (Ca of bladder)

General Common and recurrent type of cancer Mainly affects the transitional (urothelial cells) in the lining of the bladder. Accounts for 90% of all bladder cancers. Transitional cell cancer (TCC) can originate anywhere in the renal pelvis, urethra, bladder, or ureter but is mainly seen in the bladder Adenocarcinoma and squamous cell cancer account for… Read More »

Uterine Prolapse

Uterine prolapse: is a condition mostly of women past or nearly past childbearing age in which the suspending uterine ligaments have stretched and the perineal muscles have weakened so that the uterus falls through the vagina and sometimes reaches the outside. Stages of uterine prolapse: Range: mild sagging of the uterus made worse by coughing… Read More »
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